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Top Ways To Prepare Your Garden Soil So It’s Nutrient Rich Before Planting

Healthy, nutrient-rich soil is the ultimate foundation if you want to grow strong flowers or vegetable plants. It’s also worth putting in 90 percent of the effort at the beginning into enriching the garden so that it endures for years and you need only 10 percent to maintain it throughout the rest of its life without having to replace it.

If your soil is healthy, the plant would be healthy. With healthy soil, you would have to deal with the little amount of, if any, weeds, pesticides and fertilizers. With a strong, healthy garden, you have higher chances of improving the environment as well as your health.

Here’s what you should do before planting the garden:

Check the health of your garden soil

Soil needs micronutrients such as potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous to yield healthy crops. That is what plants consume from the soil and thrive. Soil also needs other nutrients including sulfur, magnesium, calcium, iron, copper, boron, manganese and zinc. Ideally, fertilizers should include all of these nutrients but they are not made that way.

There also needs to be a pH balance in your garden soil. To test whether your soil is lacking in any nutrients, get it screened by a professional who could guide you about what steps to follow next.

Furthermore, examine the texture of the soil. Determine whether it contains more sand, clay or silt. Sand that contains clay is dry; sand that is smooth contains silt sand one that feels like grain is sandy. If you want to avoid consultation, you could do the test yourself by taking a small amount of soil in your hands and find out the texture.

Let soil absorb natural elements

Water your soil just the right amount so that it remains fertile. How much water your soil needs depends on the texture of your soil. Make sure that the garden receives adequate air and sunlight so that plants can go through successful photosynthesis. Oxygen is vital for the health and survival of plants.

Add compost

Adding organic matter to the soil, no matter what the texture is, can improve its health. This could be done by applying compost every year. Compost is available at superstores or you could even try adding a home-made mixture to the garden. Organic matter retains moisture in the soil and holds the other nutrients in place.  

Add Mulch

Mulch is helpful in preventing weed growth and dehydration of soil. It takes time for mulch to distribute evenly throughout the entire soil and hold the nutrients in place.

Use cover crops

More specifically, these are temporary crops that are planted in autumn and help prevent soil erosion by adding essential nutrients to the soil. They can strengthen roots, prevent weeds and keep away pests.

It is important to care for your soil now by using organic components and letting it breathe so that you don’t have to use harsh chemicals later in case your soil starts to erode. This way, you can maintain your flowers or vegetables for years.